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General information about bulletproof classifications

Since the end of 1998, the new Euro Standard EN 1522 has been applied Europe-wide and replaces all standards  that have been valid in these countries so far.

 

The new Euro standard applies to all bulletproof doors, windows, shutters, transfer trays and all other bulletproof material.

 

The Euro Standard EN 1522 also requires that the glazing, which is integrated in the buildings, has to be tested according to the Euro Standard EN 1063.

 

Besides the type of weapon and the caliber, the new Euro Standard also defines the process of a ballistic testing. There are now seven bulletproof classifications.  

 

A key point during all tests is whether material or glass on the inside of the product splinters off.

 

For this reason, the test results get the additional remark: S = splinters

                                                                                             NS = shatterproof

 

 

 

 

 

Ballistic testing of a counter element. On the left and right side on the trolley, you can see the adjusted barrel. Between the elements, there is a light beam to measure the bullet speed.

THE EURO STANDARD EN 1522

Table 1:   classification and requirements for tests with handguns and rifles


class type of weapon calibre munition Test conditions of the shot
Type mass g Firing Distance M Firing speed m/s
FB 1 rifle 22 LR L/RN 2,6 ± 0,1 10 ± 0,5 360 ± 10
FB 2 handgun 9 mm Luger FJ(1)/RN/SC 8,0 ± 0,1 5 ± 0,5 400 ± 10
FB 3 handgun 357 Mag. FJ(1)/CB/SC 10,2 ± 0,1 5 ± 0,5 430 ± 10
FB 4 handgun

handgun
357 Mag.

44 Rem. Mag.
FJ(1)/CB/SC

FJ(2)/FN/SC
10,2 ± 0,1

15,6 ± 0,1
5 ± 0,5

5 ± 0,5
430 ± 10

440 ± 10
FB 5 rifle 5,56 x 45* FJ(2)/PB/SCP1 4,0 ± 0,1 10 ± 0,5 950 ± 10
FB 6 rifle 5,56 x 45*

7,62 x 51
FJ(2)/PB/SCP1

FJ(1)/PB/SC
4,0 ± 0,1

9,5 ± 0,1
10 ± 0,5

10 ± 0,5
950 ± 10

830 ± 10
FB 7 rifle 7,62 x 51** FJ(2)/PB/HC1 9,8 ± 0,1 10 ± 0,5 820 ± 10
L

CB

FJ

FN

HC1

PB

RN

SC

SCP1

FJ(1)

FJ(2)
Lead bullet

Cast Bullet

Full-jacketed bullet

Flat Nose bullet

Hard Cast bullet, mass (3,7 ± 0,1 g), hardness over 63 HRC

Pointed nose bullet

Round nose bullet

Soft core bullet (Lead)

Soft-centre projectile (Lead) with steel reinforcement (Type SS 109)

Full-jacketed bullet , steel

Full-jacketed bullet , copper

* In order to meet the requirements for calibre (5.56 x 45), a range of (178 ± 10 mm) is recommended
** In order to meet the requirements of class FB 7, a range of (254 ± 10 mm) is recommended
  Note 1:If only one shot is fired, the test distance can be reduced, in order to achieve the accuracy required by EN 1523 : 1998, section 6. In this case it may not be possible to measure the firing speed.

Note 2: In order to be classified FB 4 or FB 6, the material has to be tested with both of the above mentioned types of weapon.